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The Power of Science and Engineering in the Islamic World

The Power of Science and Engineering in the Islamic World

Muslim Creed - Technology has become an essential part of life in the modern world, and it’s only getting more ubiquitous by the day. The way we communicate, work, play, travel—pretty much everything we do requires technology of some kind, whether we realize it or not. The past several centuries have seen technological innovation at breakneck speed, and that trend shows no signs of slowing down anytime soon.


For centuries, the Islamic world has been a powerhouse of scientific and technological innovation. From the development of algebra and the astrolabe to the surgical techniques of Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi, Muslim scientists and engineers have made significant contributions to the advancement of human knowledge. 

In recent years, however, the Islamic world has fallen behind in the field of science and engineering. With the rise of new challenges like climate change and energy insecurity, it is more important than ever for Muslim countries to invest in scientific research and technological innovation.

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

Islamic science and engineering have a long and distinguished history. From the invention of the astrolabe to the construction of the world's first university, Muslims have made significant contributions to the fields of science and engineering. 

Today, Muslim scientists and engineers are at the forefront of research in a wide range of disciplines, from quantum mechanics to nanotechnology. The power of science and engineering in the Islamic world is evident in the many advances that have been made in recent years. With continued investment in education and research, there is no doubt that Muslim scientists and engineers will continue to make important contributions to the world of science and engineering.

 In order to understand where we are today, it’s important to know where we have been. We can learn a lot from those who came before us, so let’s take a look at some of their most famous accomplishments. After that, we’ll examine some modern-day examples of how science and engineering is making an impact on people around the world.

Abu Rayhan Biruni

Biruni is considered one of the greatest scholars of the Islamic Golden Age. He made significant contributions in the fields of science and engineering, which helped shape the Islamic world. Biruni's work on astronomy was especially influential, and his accurate calculations laid the foundation for future Muslim astronomers. 

His work in other fields such as mathematics, physics, and medicine also helped advance Islamic science and technology. Today, Biruni is remembered as a giant of Islamic learning who helped pave the way for the scientific achievements of the Muslim world.

Ibn Sina (Avicenna)

Avicenna was a polymath who made significant contributions to the fields of philosophy, medicine, and science. He was also a skilled engineer, and his work in the field of engineering helped contribute to the development of Islamic civilization. 

Engineering in the Islamic world reached its height during the Abbasid Caliphate, when Muslim engineers were able to harness the power of water and wind to create sophisticated irrigation systems and dams. The use of science and engineering helped the Islamic world become a leading economic and cultural force in the medieval period.


The Islamic world has a long and proud tradition of scientific achievement. From the early days of Islam, Muslim scholars have made significant contributions to the fields of science and engineering. Muslim scientists and engineers have played a key role in the development of many modern technologies, including the screw press, the crane, the mechanical clock, and the camera obscura.

 One individual who played a crucial role in developing technologies for science and engineering was  an engineer named Al-Jazari. Born in 1136 CE, Al-Jazari is most famous for his water pump design called the Elephant’s Foot which he created around 1206 CE. 

The power of this machine is derived from a heavy rotating wheel connected by gears to a shaft with four pumping pistons. It is unknown how much water could be pumped at one time but it could probably pump about 200 gallons per minute – this means that it could provide enough water pressure for an urban city or keep an entire palace garden irrigated. Al-Jazari’s design provided great help during times when there were no dams nearby or at times when flooding damaged aqueducts carrying water into cities.

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