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Hijri Months and Important Events In It

Hijri Months and Important in Islam

Hijri Months and Important Events In It
Hijri Months


Muharram is the 1st month in the Islamic Calendar, so named because at that time (pre-Islamic) people were forbidden to wage war. In this month, the kings used to glorify this month by not doing anything but just sitting relaxed on the throne. Some important events in the month of Muharram: Acceptance of the repentance of Prophet Adam, Birth of Prophet Moses, Cold (cool) fire in the hands of Prophet Ibrahim, Lifting of the punishment of Prophet Yunus, Return of vision of Prophet Ya'qub, Release of Prophet Yusuf from prison, Prophet Sulaiman was given the throne.


Safar is the 2nd month in the Islamic Calendar. Safar comes from the word shifr (zero), where in the past the Arabs entered a quiet (empty) area from their owner so they called it shafar or shafariyyah. It is also said that in the past the Arab tribes went out to war after the passage of the forbidden month (Muharram), where the territory they fought they left completely empty. Among the important events in the month of Safar are: The Prophet and Abu Bakr hid in a cave to avoid the pursuit of the polytheists.


Rabiul Awal (Arabic: Rabī' al-Awwal) is the 3rd month in the Islamic Calendar. Rabi' in Arabic means spring, so named because at that time there was prolonged rain that fertilized agricultural land and was accompanied by the growth of grass and vegetables. Al-Qazwainy (d. 682/1283) said, in this month people mostly sit relaxed in their homes, because this month is a special month. Among the important events in the month of RabiulAwal are: The birth of the Prophet Muhammad SAW.


Rabiul Akhir (Arabic: Rabī' al-Akhir) is the 4th month in the Islamic Calendar. Rabi' in Arabic means spring, so named because at that time there was prolonged rain that fertilized agricultural land and was accompanied by the growth of grass and vegetables. Among the important events in the month of RabiulAkhir are: The stipulation of the obligation to pray.


Jumadil Awal (Arabic: Jumadā al-Awwal) is the 5th month in the Islamic Calendar. Jumād in Arabic means 'frozen', because at that time it was so cold that the water froze. Some important events in the month of RabiulAwal: On the 8th of JumadilAwalSayyidina Ali –karramaAllāhuwajhah- was born and the Jamal war took place.


Jumadil Akhir (Arabic: Jumadā al-Akhir) is the 6th month in the Islamic Calendar. Jumād in Arabic means 'frozen', because at that time it was so cold that the water froze. Some important events in the month of JumadilAkhir: The angel Gabriel was sent to the Prophet SAW to send down the first revelation, Umar bin Khattab was appointed Caliph, Fatimah was born the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad.


Rajab is the 7th month in the Islamic Calendar. Rajab or 'Tarjīb' means 'to magnify' or 'glorify'. It was named so because at that time the Arabs were so proud of this month and forbade the holding of wars because it was counted as a forbidden month (al-ashhur al-haram). Important events: Prophet Noah sailed the ark with his boat, the battle of Shiffin, the Day of Mikraj of the Prophet SAW.


Sha'ban is the 8th month in the Islamic Calendar. It was so named because at that time the Arab tribes were in groups (tasya'ub) and were getting ready to fight. Some important events in the month of Sha'ban: The birth of Husayn the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, the direction of the Qibla from the Aqsa Mosque to the Grand Mosque.


Ramadan is the 9th month in the Islamic Calendar. Ramadan comes from the word ramdhā' which means scorching heat, which is when it was a very hot summer. Some important events in the month of Ramadan: The revelation of Shuhuf Ibrahim, the revelation of the Qur'an to the Prophet Muhammad, the revelation of the Torah to Moses, the revelation of the Gospel to Jesus, the conquest of the city of Mecca, the occurrence of the night of LailatulQadr, and the battle of Badr.


Shawwal is the 10th month in the Islamic Calendar. So named because when it begins to lift (reduce) the summer. It is also said that because at that time the Camel always raised its tail up asking to be married, which the Arabs in the period of ignorance did not like that situation. Some important events in the month of Shawwal: Allah revealed to bees producing honey (Surah 16: 68-69), the Uhud war occurred, the death (killed) of Hamzah's friend.


Zulkaidah (Arabic: Dzu al-Qa'dah) is the 11th month in the Islamic Calendar. It was so named because the Arabs at that time chose to sit back in their homes because at that time it was forbidden to fight because they were in the forbidden months. Some important events in the month of Zulkaidah: Prophet Musa prayed to Allah for 30 days, Prophet Ibrahim and his son Ismail established the foundation of the Kaaba building, the sea was split by Prophet Moses, Prophet Noah came out from the belly of the fish.


Zulhijah (Arabic: Dzu al-Hijjah) is the 12th month in the Islamic Calendar. Some important events in the month of Zulhijah: The month of the pilgrimage, Sayyidina Ali–karramaAllāhwajhah–wedded Sayyidah Fatimah (daughter of the Prophet).

 

(Source: Al-Qazwainy, 'Ajā'ib al-MakhlūqātwaGharā'ib al-Maujūdāt, Tahkik: Muhammad bin Yusuf al-Qadhi (Cairo: Maktabahats-Tsaqāfah ad-Dīniyyah, tt)[] Author: Lecturer of FAI UMSU and Head of OIF UMSU

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